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Lecture 20

01:920:101 Lecture 20: Social Movements

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Rutgers University

4/27/17 Lecture: Social Movements • Social problems o Diagnosis: define something as a problem ▪ Ex) student debt – defined as problem, people struggle with. ▪ Ex) unemployment o Cause – define problem’s cause as social (result of institutions, culture, specific public policy) ▪ Link student debt to rising cost of college/declining state support – connects private trouble to public issue. o Empowerment – perception that “we” can do something about it. ▪ Without this, it’s a problem but what can you actually do about it. ▪ Social movement doesn’t develop until you get a sense you can change the social force/ do something about problem • Democracy o Democratic orientation ▪ We see social conditions not only as something to adapt to, but something we can work together to change. o Conscious and collective process o Democracy is a form of collective behavior o Problems: ▪ Often reduced to voting ▪ Spectator sport – we watch what’s going on and we cheer/boo, it’s just something that’s happening that we aren’t a part of. • When we treat it like this, it develops sense of apathy. ▪ Apathy – we feel like we vote once every 4 years but other than that there’s nothing we can do to influence public policy. • Non violent civil disobedience o Made point that delegitimized the argument ▪ Ex) freedom riders – people were so angry they would fire
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