ART 357 Lecture Notes - Lecture 19: Town Crier, Kaaba, Quran

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20 Oct 2017
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Kaaba: small cubed building in mecca, sacred to muslims, abraham built it, encased special silver stone. Qibla: the wall of the mosque which faces mecca. Minbar: a raised pulpit from which the imam gives the sermons. Mirhab: a semicircular niche set into the qibla wall for symbolic purposes. Minaret: a tower attached to a mosque from which a muzzein (crier) calls the faithful to prayer five times a day. Dome on the rock, jerusalem, 687 - 692. Arabs were initially nomadic, but armies of islam conquered areas and became empire. Houses rock where muslims believe mohammad ascended into heaven in a nocturnal journey. Traditional site of adam"s burial and where temple of solomon was located and where isaac. Holy site for muslims, christians, and jews. Strategic move of umayyad caliph to put building here. Writings from quran in beautiful mosaic script. Madrasa is a school or educational center.

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