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Lecture 6

ASIAN 101 Lecture 6: ASIAN 101 - Lecture 6 - Daoism and Confucianism

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San Diego State University
Asian Studies

ASIAN 101 - Lecture 6 - Daoism and Confucianism The Dao The Dao means the way to go The Dao is the eternal energy and way Emperors are supposed to be in harmony with the Dao The Dao is supposed to an explanation for harmony and orderliness of heaven and earth Daoism as a Philosophy Daoism is the philosophy of the Dao De Jing Some of aspects of the Dao include: quietness, low position, oneness with nature, and spontaneity The ethics of the Dao De Jn are the affirmative powers of wu-wei Daoism as Magic and Religion Daoism in classic texts stresses longevity and immortality The methods of Daoism includes: elixir alchemy, five element coordination, breath control, and dietary and sexual restraints There is mystical invulnerability in Daoism The Qigong stresses body, breath, and mind energy practices The dified sage Emperor was the response to Buddhism The Emperor searched for people comparable to the Buddha The erection of temples was part of the response Asceticism was a major component of this response Lao-zi was apotheosized Mythology began to become institutionalized Daoism Today The communist government has drafted practitioners into military service and labor battalions This is difficult to eradicate because Daoism is bound up with everyday life However, the restraints were relaxed in 1980 Confucius Confucius was a humanist The Analects are a collection of Confucius sayings Our greatest glory is not in never falling but in getting up every time we do To see what is right and not to do it is want of courage or principle What the superior man seeks is in himself, what the small man see is in others Confucius came from a poor but respected family in the ancient duchy of Lu His ancestors were purported to be aristocratic refugees His mother is credited by some in seeing to it that Confucius received the intellectual training to become a gentleman By age fifteen Confucius was determined to become a scholar He became a government tax collector in his late teens He married and fathered two children He became a teacher after he ended his period of mourning He believed his principles could improve the decadent social system The Ethical Principles of Confucius The principles stressed practicing Li which is a mix of harmony, propriety, and conformity Yi is internalized li which is self order and regulation Good characters makes good governance is stressed Ren or Jen means humaneness, kindness, and seeking the good Shu is the Golden Rule and means reciprocity Junzi means the the superior man The Five Great Relationships are very important in the principles of Confucius One relationship is kindness in the father Another relationship is gentility in the eldest brother and humility and respect in the younger Another relationship is righteous behavior in the husband and obedience in the wife Another relationship is humane consideration in elders and de
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