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Lecture 29

ENS 438 Lecture Notes - Lecture 29: Role Conflict, Dementia, Overtraining


Department
Exercise and Nutritional Sciences
Course Code
ENS 438
Professor
Tinely
Lecture
29

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Burnout in Sports
Burnout & Overtraining
Many more athletes (and coaches) report symptoms of overtraining and burnout
than in previous years
Why?
More training, more often at a younger age
Increasing specialization within sport
Success ideology
A Psychologist’s View
Overtraining
Short cycles of training in which athletes undergo excessive training loads
(at or near their maximum) followed by insufficient rest
Athletes respond differently to the same training
Significant increase in the training stimulus
Acute bouts, usually in high frequencies
Staleness
Deteriorated athletic “readiness” as a result of overtraining
~5% reduction in performance for two weeks that does not
respond to short-term reductions in training
Mood disturbance, increased perception of effort
Burnout
“An exhaustive psychophysiological response as a result of ineffective
efforts to meet excessive training and competitive demands”
Can be a result of dissatisfaction over time
Psychological, emotional and behavioral withdrawal
Exhaustion
Depersonalization
Feelings of failure and depression
Burnout stressors
Training overload
Low social support
Low autonomy
Low reward
Low demands
Signs and Symptoms
Apathy
Lethargy
Sleep disturbances
Weight loss
Elevated RHR
Muscle soreness
Appetite loss
Low motivation
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