PHIL 110 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Dependent And Independent Variables, Naturalistic Observation, Random Assignment

30 views4 pages
7 Feb 2017

For unlimited access to Class Notes, a Class+ subscription is required.

Process for research
Develop a question
Design study and collect data
Analyze the data and draw conclusions
Publish the findings
Ask new question, start over
Types of research designs
Versions of descriptive research
Case study - can be over generalized
Naturalistic observation - real world environment, lack
control, might not be totally real when someone is
Surveys - aka self report measures, info straight from
source, people could lie or exaggerate especially with
hard questions, inexpensive, lots of data, quickly,
generalized sample for population
Correlational - looking for relationships between / among
different variables, cannot show causation, can be 3rd
Variables are NOT manipulated by researcher like they
would be in an experiment
Correlation coefficient [r] - measures extent to which
variations in one variable are accompanied by increases
or decreases in a second variable [need to know how to
interpret, but not calculate]
Indicates strength and direction of relationship
between two variables
Numerical value between 0 and 1, 0 meaning no
For strength, take absolute value
Positive correlation, both things go up [ex. High
school GPA to high college GPA] and negative
find more resources at
find more resources at
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 4 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class