SOC 101 Lecture 3: soc chapter 3

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5 Feb 2017
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Lecture Notes Chapter 3
you know less than you think you know
o blind to the obvious
o official definitions of reality
o common sense beliefs as wrong
o social complexity
o outdated data
o bad news emphasis
sociological imagination
o structural
status social positions that you occupy that affects how
others see you and how you see yourself; give you your
identity
roles expectations attached to a status
social institutions
o objectification
priate troules – puli proles
o historical
o skeptical
o C. Wright Mills
Benefits of Perspective
o ideas we believe are true have no basis in fact
o understanding that society acts in a particular and deliberate
way
o empowers us
o recognizes diversity/appreciates adaptability
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Textbook Notes Chapter 3
Culture and Society in a Changing World
culture knowledge, language, values, customs, and material objects
that are passed from person to person and from one generation to the
next in a human group or society
society and culture are interdependent
ulture is a tool kit for surial
2 types of culture
o nonmaterial culture the abstract of intangible human
reatios of soiet that ifluee people’s ehaior
o material culture the physical or tangible creations that
members of a society make, use, or share
beliefs the mental acceptance or conviction that certain things are
true or real
cultural universals customs and practices that occur across all
societies
Components of Culture
symbol anything that meaningfully represents something else
o ulture ould’t eist ithout sols
language a set of symbols that expresses ideas and enables people
to think and communicate with one another
Sapir-Whorf hypothesis language shapes the view of reality of its
speakers
values collective ideas about what is right or wrong, good or bad,
and desirable or undesirable in a particular culture
value contradictions values that conflict with one another or are
mutually exclusive
norms established rules of behavior or standards of conduct
o prescriptive norms state what behavior is appropriate or
acceptable
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