Class Notes (836,321)
United States (324,456)
Sociology (69)
SOC 101 (60)
Gauss (14)
Lecture 12

SOC 101 Lecture 12: soc chapter 8

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SOC 101

Class and Stratification in the United States What is Social Stratification? • social stratification – the hierarchical arrangement of large social groups based on their control of basic resources • life changes – the extent to which individuals have access to important societal resources such as food, clothing, shelter, education, and health care o resources – anything valued in a society ▪ ex: money, property, medical care, education Systems of Stratification • social mobility – the movement of individuals or groups from one level in a stratification system to another o intergenerational mobility – the social movement experienced by family members from one generation to the next o intragenerational mobility – the social movement of individuals within their own lifetime • closed system – the boundaries between levels in the hierarchies of social stratification are rigid and people’s positions are set by ascribed status • slavery – an extreme form of stratification in which some people are owned or controlled by others for the purpose of economic or sexual exploitation o lifelong and inherited o slaves were considered property, not humans o slaves were denied rights o coercion was used to keep slaves “in their place” • caste system – a system of social inequality in which people’s status is permanently determined at birth based on their parents’ ascribed characteristics • class system – a type of stratification based on the ownership and control of resources and on the type of work that people do o horizontal mobility – when people experience a gain or loss in position and/or income that does not produce a change in their place in the class structure o vertical mobility – movement up or down the class structure Classical Perspectives on Social Class • capital class (bourgeoisie) – those who own the means of production • working class (proletariat) – those who must sell their labor to the owners in order to earn enough money to survive • alienation – a feeling of powerlessness and estrangement from other people and from oneself • class conflict – the struggle between the capitalist class and the working class • wealth – the value of all of a person’s or family’s economic assets o assets = income, personal property, income-producing property • prestige – the respect or regard that a person or status position is given by others • power – the ability of people or groups to achieve their goals despite opposite from others • socioeconomic status (SES) – a combined measure that attempts to classify individuals, families, or households in terms of factors such as income, occupation, and education to determine class location Contemporary Sociological Models of the US Class Structure • Gilbert’s Modeal o education o occupation of family head o family income • pink-collar
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