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Lecture 2

CRJU 351 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Hallucinogen, Methamphetamine, Harm Reduction

29 pages34 viewsFall 2015

Department
Criminology and Criminal Justice
Course Code
CRJU 351
Professor
Anderson
Lecture
2

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Family and Delinquency 09/15/2015
Theories of families influence
Strain
oFamily structure changes may represent a stressful event
Ex. Divorce, remarriage, death of a family member
Social control
oFamily structure is important because it represents a
difference or chance in formal and informal controls in the
family
Ex. In some situations, parents are less effective at
parenting
Feminist criminological theories
oFocus on lack of resources that accompany certain family
structures
Ex. The decrease in financial resources following a
divorce
Family structure research (what the data says)
Intact biological families vs. non-intact
oMixed results
Two-parent families vs. one-parent families
oMixed results
oMore strongly correlated with “official” delinquency than “self-
report” delinquency
More correlated with kids getting arrested and ending
up in the juvenile justice system
They are more likely to get caught
oStronger predictor of male delinquency than female
Intact biological vs. single parent families vs. stepfamilies
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oMixed results
oVery little effect on self-reported delinquency
Conclusion:
oNot finding strong evidence that family structure causes
delinquency
Then what does consistently predict delinquency?
More complicated issues within the family
Family processes
Issues within the family predict delinquency
Meta-analysis (all studies combined into one)
o(Of family factors as predictors of delinquency)
oStrongest predictors
Parental education
Parental supervision
Childrearing skills
Parental discord (conflict)
Family size
oWeakest predictors
Young parents
“Broken homes”
Socioeconomic status
Attachment
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oLevels of attachment to the family have been successfully
linked to delinquency
Less attachment = more delinquency
Variations
Attachment to mothers is more important than
attachment to fathers
More important = more predictive of
delinquency
Attachment is more important if the parent and
child are of the same sex
Boys – need to be attached to their mothers
and fathers
Girls – need to only be attached to their
mothers
It seems only to matter how much children are
attached to their parents
Not the other way around
oIt does not matter how much the
parent is attached to the child
Crime runs in families
oCriminal and antisocial parents tend to have delinquent and
antisocial children
oExample:
Pittsburg Youth Study
1,500 males age 7 to 30 were studied
Found arrests of family members predicted boys’
delinquency
All family members (even grandparents)
predicted this
Arrests of fathers was the most important
predictor
Why?
1. Families are exposed to the same risk
factors
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