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Lecture 3

CRJU 351 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Formal System, Residential Community, Sex And The Law

35 pages83 viewsFall 2015

Department
Criminology and Criminal Justice
Course Code
CRJU 351
Professor
Anderson
Lecture
3

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Policing Juveniles 10/27/2015
2010 data
1.6 million juveniles arrested
o30% females/70% males
oBlacks
17% of population
50% of murders
40% motor vehicle theft
40% aggravated assault
Disproportionately represented
75% of arrests were ages 16-17
Most were non-serious crimes
oEx. Disturbing the peace, truancy, drug violations
Many more kids are stopped by the police but not arrested
oPolice are the most visible agent of the juvenile justice system
Identifying, controlling, and processing of juveniles
After 1994, the juvenile violent crime arrest rate fell dramatically
oIt is now lower than it has ever been
Policing
Most juvenile crime is non-serious
oWhen police officers crack down on this type of behavior, they
are often seen as overreacting
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oBut when they ignore this type of behavior, this angers the
public as well
Everyone agrees that the police should be arresting serious juvenile
offenders
oBut the behavior of police officers is still scrutinized
Especially if they use force
oIf they don’t take the proper precautions and treat the youth
as dangerous, then they put themselves at risk
Police have no way of being positive about how old someone is
oThey won’t find out until the person is in custody
Most districts have special groups of police officers whose main job
is to deal with juveniles and juvenile gangs
oMany school districts also have a police officer present on
campus at all times
oMany of these officers receive extra training on juveniles
Giving them a toolkit to enable them to deal with
adolescents
One of the biggest issue within policing is police discretion
oDuring the course of the day, officers face situations in which
they must decide which course of action is the best/safest
oThe officers must decide whether the encounter will be
unofficial/official
Official = arrested
Unofficial = given a warning
oPolicing take juveniles into custody only about 13% of the
time
Levels of punishment:
Lowest – release with a warning
Release with an official report
Can also be used for activity that is
dangerous and disruptive, but not
necessarily illegal
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Arrest and then diversion
A way for officers to divert from the court
youth who have committed minor offenses
Ex. Releasing to a parent/guardian or refer
to an agency/program (Second Chances)
Beginning of official – refer to juvenile court
intake without detention after the arrest
Can also result in juvenile arbitration
Highest – refer to juvenile court intake with
detention (facility) after the arrest
Options for juvenile offenders
Political and public policy influence what options are available for
kids
oGet tough movements
Limit police discretion
Can also limit the discretion of the court determine
sentencing
Biggest influence on discretion
oSeriousness of offense
Drinking in a park v. murder
oOther influencers:
Prior arrests
Amount of available evidence
The complainer
Police officers are more likely to intervene when
there is an audience
Especially when there is an adult present who is
willing to sign a complaint
Age
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