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CRJU 351 (4)
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Lecture 4

CRJU 351 Lecture 4: CRJU 351 - Exam 4

5 Pages
32 Views
Fall 2015

Department
Criminology and Criminal Justice
Course Code
CRJU 351
Professor
Anderson
Lecture
4

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12/01/2015
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Girls in the Juvenile Justice System 12/01/2015
Facts:
Now account for 1/3 of juvenile arrests*
Increases in girls being referred to court
Urgency of focus on the needs and development of intervention
programs for girls
Growing research
Research drawn from localized studies
oThere hasn’t been national research done
Girls delinquency is often less chronic and less serious
oLess chronic = girls usually only enter the system once
73% of the girls who came into court never came back,
while 53% of boys never came back
oLess serious = girls are less likely to be violent
Does not mean that girls have fewer needs than boys
Pattern of interconnected troubles
oIndicated the context and experiences that predict girls’
delinquency
oTroubles:
1. Considerable trauma
Both their own victimization (physical or sexual)
or witnessing other people’s victimization
Usually have high rates of sexual victimization
and domestic violence
35% = sexual abuse
40% = exposed to domestic violence in the
home
Death of one or both parents
11% = had experienced this
oHIV, suicide, gang assault, drug
overdose
Temporarily lost siblings, parents, or boyfriends to
incarceration
92% in California = beating, vaginal rape, or
sodomy
More than 1 in 4 had been made a ward of the
court because of caretaker neglect
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Description
16:47 Girls in the Juvenile Justice System 16:47 Facts: Now account for 1/3 of juvenile arrests* Increases in girls being referred to court Urgency of focus on the needs and development of intervention programs for girls Growing research Research drawn from localized studies There hasn’t been national research done Girls delinquency is often less chronic and less serious Less chronic = girls usually only enter the system once 73% of the girls who came into court never came back, while 53% of boys never came back Less serious = girls are less likely to be violent Does not mean that girls have fewer needs than boys Pattern of interconnected troubles Indicated the context and experiences that predict girls’ delinquency Troubles: 1. Considerable trauma Both their own victimization (physical or sexual) or witnessing other people’s victimization Usually have high rates of sexual victimization and domestic violence 35% = sexual abuse 40% = exposed to domestic violence in the home Death of one or both parents 11% = had experienced this HIV, suicide, gang assault, drug overdose Temporarily lost siblings, parents, or boyfriends to incarceration 92% in California = beating, vaginal rape, or sodomy More than 1 in 4 had been made a ward of the court because of caretaker neglect Girls in the Juvenile Justice System 16:47 A common response to abuse is running away They spend more time on the streets Use deviant survival strategies Victimization on the street is very common Process of this: Risk amplification Experience victimization at home then run away and then are victimized again on the streets 2. Destructive and distraught families Often lack supportive and stable families Almost 60% of girls in California = felt that their relationship with their parents was why they broke the law Instability often involves moving back and forth between different relatives and between the child welfare system In prof research = some of the girls move up to 6 times a year Moving can lead to the traumatic experiences Some girls have experienced the murder of mothers by fathers “Empty” families Girls whose family members with mental disease, substance abuse, incarcerated, involved in g
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