PSY 300 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: American Psychological Association, Scientific Method, Psy

35 views6 pages
20 Dec 2018
School
Department
Course
Professor
PSY 300
Week 4: What is Psychology?
Definitions:
Psychology- Scientific study of mind and behavior.
Behavior- Anything an animal or person does, feels, or thinks.
Psychologists are concerned with how our brains, environments, and behavior relate and
influence each other.
The Scientific Method:
Psychology is a science, so psychologists rely on the scientific method to learn more
about what makes people and animals behave the way they do.
Using the scientific method- Psychologists study these topics by applying the scientific
method to form hypotheses, collect and analyze data, and make interpretations on the
basis of data.
The American Psychological Association (APA) has 54 divisions which encompass sub-
disciplines of psychology or topical areas of study.
Employment for psychologists (not limited to):
Professors or teachers
Researchers (universities, hospitals, corporate settings)
Administrators (hospitals, mental health clinics, government agencies)
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 6 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
→ All require graduate level training
Specialties within psychology:
Clinical Psychology
→ Study and treat people with psychological problems and disorders.
→Work settings = Universities (professors and researchers), hospitals, mental
health centers, private practice.
Counseling Psychology
→Focus is on normal functioning and dealing with everyday type of
transitions like divorce, career changes, etc.
→Work settings = Same as clinical but also halfway houses, college counseling
centers, and social service agencies.
Developmental Psychology
→Study human development across lifespan including emotional, intellectual,
and physical development of children, adolescents, and adults.
→Work setting s= Applied settings (child care centers, pediatric hospitals,
geriatric centers), consultants for parenting magazines, toy companies, and children’s
television.
Educational Psychology
→Study process of education and how people learn, develop ways to increase
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 6 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
Monthly
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.