PSY 300 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: American Psychological Association, Scientific Method, Psy
35 views6 pages
Week 4: What is Psychology?
● Psychology- Scientific study of mind and behavior.
● Behavior- Anything an animal or person does, feels, or thinks.
● Psychologists are concerned with how our brains, environments, and behavior relate and
influence each other.
The Scientific Method:
● Psychology is a science, so psychologists rely on the scientific method to learn more
about what makes people and animals behave the way they do.
● Using the scientific method- Psychologists study these topics by applying the scientific
method to form hypotheses, collect and analyze data, and make interpretations on the
basis of data.
● The American Psychological Association (APA) has 54 divisions which encompass sub-
disciplines of psychology or topical areas of study.
Employment for psychologists (not limited to):
● Professors or teachers
● Researchers (universities, hospitals, corporate settings)
● Administrators (hospitals, mental health clinics, government agencies)
→ All require graduate level training
Specialties within psychology:
● Clinical Psychology
→ Study and treat people with psychological problems and disorders.
→Work settings = Universities (professors and researchers), hospitals, mental
health centers, private practice.
● Counseling Psychology
→Focus is on normal functioning and dealing with everyday type of
transitions like divorce, career changes, etc.
→Work settings = Same as clinical but also halfway houses, college counseling
centers, and social service agencies.
● Developmental Psychology
→Study human development across lifespan including emotional, intellectual,
and physical development of children, adolescents, and adults.
→Work setting s= Applied settings (child care centers, pediatric hospitals,
geriatric centers), consultants for parenting magazines, toy companies, and children’s
● Educational Psychology
→Study process of education and how people learn, develop ways to increase