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Lecture 1

HIST 110 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Agricultural Adjustment Act, National Labor Relations Act, White Southerners

5 pages64 viewsFall 2016

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HIST 110

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Herbert Hoover
o Multimillionaire
o Republican
Believed America was heading for great things
o Predicts US will abolish poverty
Eats his words
Unemployment rate 40%
o Very despised
o Very bitter
Stock Markets contributed to Depression
o Bogus investments
o High Tariffs
Gap contributed to Global Depression
o October 1929
Black Tuesday
Plummeted by 15-25%
US Spirals into Great Depression 1931
Great Depression
o Left fear across US
Americans lost 10 million plus dollars
Banks shut down
All savings were lost
Hoover Flags
o Indicate they were broke
o Showed the president didn’t care
Soup Lines
o Princeton University
Collected food scraps at the end of the day
Leave food scraps in trash for people to sort through
o Washington D.C.
Bonus Army
Camped out in empty federal buildings
Blankets, Food
Hoover-Rag-Tag Model
o Get them out of the federal building
o But do it with restraint
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15,000 veterans and their families
o Maintained the army life
o Primitive conditions
o Hoover
o Dwight Eisenhower
Don’t get involved
This is like a street brawl
o McGarver
They are Bolsheviks
Follows them, does not obey Hoovers orders
o Both set fire to the encampment
Little boy hit with knife and bayonet through his
o FDR campaigns
This will get me elected
Severe American outcry
Congress votes to give them money to take a train back home
FDR runs for president
o 1922 contracted Polio
Paralyzed from the waist down
Americans will never Elect a cripple and you are a cripple. -Momma
Eleanor Roosevelt- no, it’s not over yet.
o Designs his own wheelchair and pants
Practices for years to pretend he is walking
Son holds him up
Wants to show America that he is physically fit to be President
Dragged his legs
Governor of New York 1929-1930
Presidential Candidate 1931
First Handicapped President
Election of 1932
o New Deal
o Very Vague
o March 1933 takes office
o “Happy Days Are Here Again” played at Democratic convention
o Economic security
New Deal
o National Recovery Association
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