POLS 015B Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Habeas Corpus, Connecticut Compromise, Mutiny Acts

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18 Sep 2017
POLS 15B Lecture 3 Chapter 2 Discussion
I. Influences on Framers
a. Enlightenment thinkers
b. Different philosophers
II. Thomas Hobbes
a. Philosopher
b. Wrote Leviathan
c. Claimed that people naturally come together and give up some freedom in
exchange for order
d. Not an advocate for democracy
III. John Locke
a. Political philosopher
b. Devised natural rights
IV. U.S. Constitution
a. Outlines guidelines that government and people need to follow
b. Shows what government should be
V. Separation of Power
a. Locke says it’s important because the government shouldn’t turn on its people
i. Less likely to be corrupt
VI. Reason(s) to Gain Independence
a. Unpopular ruler(s)/abuse
b. Mutiny Act
c. Stamp Act
d. Coercive Act
e. Quartering Act
VII. First Form of Government
a. Former government was too strong (monarchy)
i. Does not make sense to replace with another form of a strong national
ii. Framers decided to go opposite way and create a weaker government
that was closer to the people
iii. confederation: form of government where sub-governments support the
national government
iv. National government could not do what the states did not allow
1. had no inherent power
v. Goal was to prevent a major centralized government from emerging
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