HIS 1001 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Manila Galleon, Maize, Vanilla

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History 1000C
The Colombian Exchange
Bridging World History Unit 16: Food, Demographics, and Culture
In the 16th century, the world became connected by a network of trade routes that
changed patterns of food production and consumption. Both local and regional cultures
changed as a result, and a global culture began to emerge
Production, transportation, and consumption changed dramatically as a result of the
globally-connected system of trade
Globalization of slave labor, opportunities for economic gain through importing foods,
and addictive qualities of certain foods helped alter individual lives, whole societies, and
global trade
o Addictive foods = coffee, sugar, tobacco
Changes in food supply led to demographic changes shifting millions of people across the
globe
Story of Food
Involves, trade, globalization of labor, changing populations, deteriorating environments,
and the beginning of global trade
o Deteriorating environment caused by shift to plantation economies
No more rotation of crops (monoculture)
Ruins the soil through over-cultivation
Term Colombian exchange coined by Alfred Crosby in his book titled, “Colombian
Exchange”
Ships from Old World to New World brought…
o Goods
o Diseases
These diseases killed off a large portion of the native population
o Voluntary Migrants
o Involuntary Slaves
Slaves played an enormous role in supplying necessities and luxury items
for feeding local and global tastes
Goods from New World to Old World included…
o Corn (maize)
o Tomatoes
o Potatoes
o Vanilla Bean
o Rubber
o Cacoa
Goods from Old World to New World included…
o Citrus
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