HIST 2 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Minor American Revolution Holidays, Scientific Revolution, Geopolitics

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7 Feb 2017
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A.S.
HIS 2
Religious Reformation and European (Iberian) Expansion
Religious conflicts (contexts)
- 1517 - 1648
- ride of modern nation-states
(centralization vs local independent)
- geo-politics:
- Spain-Hapsburg vs France
French wars of religion
- civil wars (1562 - 1598)
- Catholics vs Huguenots*
- centralization vs local liberty
- The Valois
- family who ruled the French state
- The Guise, The Bourbon*
- other powerful French families
- Hapsburg interference
Henry IV (Bourbon) 1553 - 1610
- “Paris is worth a mass”
- Henry IV married Marguerite Valois
- to end the fighting between the families
- Edict of Nantes (1598)
- religious tolerance to French Protestants (Huguenots)
- 1572 - St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre
- day before the wedding
- Guise killed Bourbons (Huguenots)
- Henry IV eventually converted to Catholicism
- because most of his people were Catholic
The impact of the reformation
- Protestants - literacy (see the rise in literacy in Protestants)
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