HIST 2 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Columbian Exchange, Nutmeg

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7 Feb 2017
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A.S.
HIS 2
Iberian Empire
(1) Spanish Empire (America); territorial
(A) conquest of Aztec and Inca
(B) colonial gov
(2) Portuguese Empire (Asia); sea
(A) naval strategy
(B) factory
(3) Spanish Empire*
(A) Spain-Portugal (1880 - 1640)
Hernan Cortes* (1485 - 1547)
- Aztec Empire (1522)
Francisco Pizarro* (1478 - 1541)
- Inca Empire (1531)
Government: Centralization
- Mexico City and Lima
- Council of the Indies (Spain 1524)
- vice-royalties (1535)
- New Spain and Peru
- tax = silver and sugar
Empires - Infrastructure (cities)
- land and labor
- new ruling class (Spaniards)
- institution: gov and church
- language and religion
Columbian Exchange*
- people
- disease(s): smallpox (90% of the Natives died)
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