SWK 490 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Die Mannequin, Microsoft Powerpoint, Social Isolation

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Child Maltreatment Class (9/30)
Definitions of Abuse
o Physical Abuse involves a non-accidental injury to a child, by an adult.
o Sexual abuse includes attempted sexual contact or sexual contact between an
adult and a child, with the purpose of the adult’s sexual gratification (Cicchetti &
Lynch, 1995).
o Psychological/emotional abuse involves parental degrading behavior, such as
repeated and deliberately demeaning name called to a child (Miller-Perrin &
Perrin, 1999)
Definitions of Neglect
o Neglect involves failure to provide minimal physical care, supervisory neglect,
educational neglect and emotional neglect (Miller-Perrin & Perrin, 1999)
o Physical neglect can be divided into the following categories:
Lack of adequate food, shelter, and clothing
Failure to provide adequate hygiene
Failure to provide adequate health care
Failure to provide adequate mental health care
Failure to respond to an infant’s life threatening condition
o Supervisory neglect can be divided into subcategories, including the following:
Child left alone for a period of time
Child not supervised closely enough
Child left with a caretaker without adequate planning
Child left with a caretaker who is not qualified/dangerous
o Psychological/emotional neglect can be defined as a failure a fulfill basic
emotional needs of a child for normal development
Theories of Child Maltreatment
o Intergenerational Transmission
o General Strain Theory
o Ecological Approaches
o Child Sexual Abuse Accommodation Theory
Intergenerational Transmission
o Intergenerational transmission hypothesizes that maltreated children are more
likely to become abusing caregivers
o This is a long-standing belief
o The link between childhood experience and caregiver behavior has not been
General Strain Theory
o Created by Robert Agnew (1992) as an explanation for criminal behavior
o Strains and stressors increase the likelihood of negative emotions
o Some researchers use the theory to show how childhood abuse can lead to later
criminal behavior
o It has also been applied by researchers as an explanation for why some caregivers
engage in child maltreatment
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