Class Notes (1,034,032)
US (405,978)
SCSU (70)
PSY (6)
Lecture 2

PSY 115 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Natural Selection, B. F. Skinner, Sigmund Freud

2 pages91 viewsFall 2016

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY 115
Professor
Leslie Valdes
Lecture
2

This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 2 pages of the document.
DIFFERENT PSYCHOLOGICAL APPROACHES
Biological Approach-
-Focuses on the body, brain, nervous system
Neuroscience-
-Study of structure, fashion, development, genetics, biochemistry of the neuro system.
The brain and nervous system are central to understanding behavior, thought, and
emotion.
Behavior Approach-
-Observable behavior responses and their environmental determinants.
-Visible behaviors not “invisible thoughts”. Things that you can observe.
Notable behaviorists: Ivan Pavlov, John Watson, B.F. skinner. These men studied the
behavior approach.
Psychodynamic Approach-
-Emphasizes unconscious thought, conflict between biological drives (sex), society
demands, and early childhood experiences.
-Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)-studied the psychodynamic approach.
Humanistic Approach-
-Emphasizes a person’s positive qualities, the capacity for positive growth, and freedom
to choose any destiny.
-Always focuses on the good in people.
-Self-actualization
Cognitive Approach-
-Emphasizes mental processes involved in attention, perception, learning, memory,
planning, thinking, and problem solving.
Evolutionary Approach-
-Explains human behavior
1.Adaptation-Adapting to your environment
2. Reproduction-Reproducing amongst humans.
3. Natural selection- Survival of the fittest.
Sociocultural Approach-
-Examines the way in which cultural environments influence behavior.
-Differences between ethnic and cultural groups.
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version


Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.