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Lecture 60

ENGR 14 Lecture 60: Building Design Drawing

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ENGR - Engineering
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Building Design and Drawing Chapter - 1. Drawing of Building Types of footing Open foundation Raft foundation Grillage Pile and well foundation Doors and Window Lintels and arches Chapter - 2. Building Planning Provisions of National Building Code Building bye-laws FAR terminology Chapter - 3. Building Services Introduction of Building Services Electrification Building Services Ventilation and lightening and staircases Fire safety Thermal insulation Acoustics of buildings Chapter - 4. Design and Drawing of Building Location drawings and general arrangement drawings Elevations Assembly drawings Component drawings Projections Working drawings Chapter - 5. Perspective Drawing Perspective Drawing Point and two point perspectives Energy efficient buildings Chapter - 1. Drawing of Building Types of footing Foundation is a structural part of a building on which a building stands. Foundation transmits and distributes its own load and imposed loads to the soil in such a way that the load bearing capacity of the ?foundation bed? is not exceeded. The solid ground on which the foundation rest is called foundation bed. We use various types of footing as a foundation. Foundations are mainly two categories. 1. Shallow foundation, and 2. Deep foundation. See below for details: 1- Shallow Foundation Shallow foundation is a type of foundation that transfers load to the very near the surface. Shallow foundations typically have a depth to width ratio of less than 1. Various types of Shallow Foundations: Following are the types shallow foundations - Pad footing or column footing Cantilever or strap footings Mat/Raft footings Wall Footings Pad footing or column footing This type of footing can be two types - Isolated and Combined. Isolated footing These are most economical. They are usually in square or rectangle size with the column sitting in the middle of the square. It's a kind of pad footing. Combined footing A footing, either rectangular or trapezoidal, that supports two columns. It's also a pad footing. Cantilever or strap footings Consist of two single footings connected with a beam or a strap and support two single columns. Mat/Raft footings
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