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Lecture 8

ANT 104 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Harris Matrix, Midden, Humerus

Anthropology, Cultural and Archaeology
Course Code
ANT 104

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Population - parameters, the amount of possible options
Sample- statistics, the actual amount that you test
Ex: population = the number of people in US who CAN vote; sample = the number of people in US who
DO vote
Probalisitc Sampling = Random vs. systematic = same chance of being sampled
Judgmental sampling = more likely to sample some sources than others; must justify why you chose it
Why use Judgmental?
1. Rational basis for predicting site locations
2. Time and/or funding limited
3. Results needed quickly
L trench- type of excavation
Sounding trench- stratigraphy
-Field Lab, what need
Large scale labor
"Jacket" the fossil
Wet tissues around it
To prevent fossil from being damaged
Not in research lab, just field lab
Tecunnus Post Quem = has a date on it, so sediments formed after that date
Ex: coin dated
Large-Scale Excavations employ specialists in stratigrtaphy
Harris Matrix = specialed method for stratigraphy, must be done by a specialists
Archaeological Data and Formation Processes
1. Archaeological Data
1. Residues
1. Artifacts
2. Ecofacts- an artifat that’s een shaped y geologial fores or natural fores,
not human force
3. Features- any change in sediment (matrix) as a result of human activity
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