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Lecture 8

ANT 104 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Harris Matrix, Midden, Humerus


Department
Anthropology, Cultural and Archaeology
Course Code
ANT 104
Professor
Shea
Lecture
8

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Population - parameters, the amount of possible options
Sample- statistics, the actual amount that you test
Ex: population = the number of people in US who CAN vote; sample = the number of people in US who
DO vote
Probalisitc Sampling = Random vs. systematic = same chance of being sampled
Judgmental sampling = more likely to sample some sources than others; must justify why you chose it
Why use Judgmental?
1. Rational basis for predicting site locations
2. Time and/or funding limited
3. Results needed quickly
L trench- type of excavation
Sounding trench- stratigraphy
Corinal
Sagital
-Field Lab, what need
Speed
Delicate
Messy
Large scale labor
Space
"Jacket" the fossil
Wet tissues around it
Plaster
To prevent fossil from being damaged
Not in research lab, just field lab
Dating…
Tecunnus Post Quem = has a date on it, so sediments formed after that date
Ex: coin dated
Large-Scale Excavations employ specialists in stratigrtaphy
Harris Matrix = specialed method for stratigraphy, must be done by a specialists
Archaeological Data and Formation Processes
1. Archaeological Data
1. Residues
1. Artifacts
2. Ecofacts- an artifat that’s een shaped y geologial fores or natural fores,
not human force
3. Features- any change in sediment (matrix) as a result of human activity
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
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