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Lecture 18

ANT 104 Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Hand Axe, Silicosis, Knapping


Department
Anthropology, Cultural and Archaeology
Course Code
ANT 104
Professor
Shea
Lecture
18

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The Hadae’s Tale: A Arhaeologist’s perspetive o Prehistor’s Most Eigati Artifat
- Flint Knapping- making stone tools; industrial craft; skill intensive
o Hard
o Glass-like
o Brittle
o Gunflints
o Silicosis
o Flake- piece that falls off the core (the object being shaped into a tool)
o Very sharp and dangerous
o Use goggles
- What’s a hadae?
o Stone artifact
o Elongated in two dimensions (length > width> thickness)
o Africa & Western Eurasia before 45,000 years ago
o Most are less than 20 cm long, 10 cm wide, 3 cm thick
o A few giant examples
- Evolutionary Hypotheses
o Ireased refieet i hadae desig over tie traks a progressive tred i
human evolution
The iprove; huas’ ids hage over tie
o But, oth rude & refied hadaes our together i reet saples
This disproves previous theory
There is no exact pattern
o Recent samples show more variability than earlier ones
- Cultural Hypotheses
o Handaxe variation reflect hominin cultural differences?
o Aheulia ulture?
o not culture, must be something else
- Functional Hypotheses
o Handaxe shapes reflect design for specific functions
o Butchery tools?
Pompeii premise
Just because the handaxes were found with animal remains doesn't mean
the’re related
o Experimenters disagree
o Projectile weapons?
- Cognitive Hypotheses
o Handaxes reflect evolutionary changes in hominin mental states
o Spatial perception?
o Planning depth?
o Social complexity?
o Can we test these hypotheses?
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