CCS 200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Ishango Bone, Fertile Crescent, Hieratic

25 views2 pages

For unlimited access to Class Notes, a Class+ subscription is required.

Communication an exchange of info and messages
Pre-historical communication
Spoken or signed (immediate, impermanent)
Mediated (expressed through impermanent materials)
Extrasomatic memory memory outside the body
Symbols things whose special meaning allows us to conceive, express and communicate
ideas; help to convey abstract ideas; tied to the culture that produces them
Signs subcategory of symbols; convey meaning, but carry narrow, precise, and unambiguous
info; bound to actions
Art, Ritual, Religion praties that eist i a gre area withi ad eod ouiatio
(cave paintings, rituals or ceremonies that convey meaning but not formally linguistic)
Ishango Bone early mathematical or calendar system (20,000 years old)
Cuneiform (Mesopotamia; sumarian culture) fertile crescent region; used to track quantities
of crops and other goods
Origin of cuneiform signs and media tokens: used for bookkeeping, accounting, trade
tablets
envelopes: privacy for tablets
Inscriptions
writing boards
promoted a commerce-oriented culture; records and transactions are kept and could be
stored for future use
Hieroglyphics earlier form of pictographic Egyptian writing used primarily for engraving in
stone; used for religious purposes, monuments, calendars etc (meant to last); medium of the
priesthood and ruling class
Papyrus thick paper made w/ pith of the papyrus plant, which grows along Nile River in
Africa; used for everyday forms of writing, and in documents placed in the tombs of the dead;
script was hieroglyphic, but also included an informal script (hieratic)
more affordable, transportable
society grows with mobility of its media and culture
The media of hieroglyphics:
stone
paper
scroll pages linked together to form long single texts
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class