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Lecture 4

CCS 200 Lecture 4: ccs 2:8Premium

2 pages28 viewsSpring 2017

Cinema and Cultural Studies
Course Code
CCS 200

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Illuminated manuscripts:
Books were made of parchment and were extremely expensive
Most books ere religious tets, ad ould be illuiated or illustrated ith
elaborate drawings
Fully developed as a technology for a wide range of uses in the first five centuries of the
Common Era
Paper was passed on to Arabs in the 8th century
Spain in 12th and 13th centuries CE, spreading to the rest of Europe
Cheap, abundant, smooth and absorbent
Early Printing
Deeloped i Chia durig T’ag dast
Began as seal impressions/stencils, later transformed to small stamped figures of
Final transformation full page rubbings
Woodblock Printing
Allowed for reproduction of thousands of copies relatively easy
Distributed across a great distance, bringing culture and info and spreading influence
and empire
o time consuming to create initial block
o difficult to store blocks
o difficult to correct mistakes
Printing press
Invented by Gutenberg ca. 1450
Efficient and quick to print works
Bible proved to be as aesthetically pleasing as hand-written ones
Earliest prints were official govt, education, and religious documents
The technology quickly spread, and within two decades dominated European literary
The Spread of Printing
By 1480, there were printing presses in 110 towns
Ten million books in print by 1500
Aldus Manutius of Venice (1515); first cheap-mass market of classic
Effects of Printing
Cast increase in literacy
Rapid dissemination of news and ideas
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