HIS 104 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Thirteenth Amendment To The United States Constitution, Fourteenth Amendment To The United States Constitution, White Supremacy

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Stages of Reconstruction (Benedict)
Reconstruction: rebuild the south after the civil war (1866-1877)
Southerners wanted reconstruction on the basis of white supremacy
Hopeful image of reconstruction: blacks have the right to vote, etc etc
Confederate self reconstruction
Return the slaves to something as close to slavery as they could
Black Codes - laws to control movement & activity of the blacks
“Apprentice” to work off prison sentence
Pass to leave at night
No dogs
Forbade breaking of contract
Debt peonage - sharecropping (give portion of crops to the landowner as rent)
Always in debt to the owner - economic slavery
Gang labor - like slavery
Working with overseers → sharecropping was in between
Old leaders
Elected confederate leaders into the senate
Accepted 13th amendment (abolished slavery)
Reject 14th amendment (citizenship)
Race riots: memphis, New orleans 1866
>Confirm northern fears
Presidential Reconstruction (“Restoration”)
Lincoln: Faith in unionists (mountaineers, Old Whigs)
10% plan: 10% of 1860 voters take loyalty oath (future loyalty) - to the US
Conflicts w/radicals: Wade-Davis Bill, incl. “Ironclad Oath” - past loyalty
Would he have been more “generous” toward south? Flexibility, political sense.
Andrew Johnson (succeeded lincoln)
Unionist, anti-aristocratic (talks tough at beginning) but a democrat
Believes in: States rights & white supremacy
(wanted south into the union as fast as possible) Rapid “restoration” - exclude ex-
rebels; allow individual requests for “amnesty”; allow pardoned ex-rebs in
Congress
Mystery of J’s easy pardons
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