CRS 414 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Monosexuality, Heterosexuality, Gender Binary

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CRS 414
Communication and Gender
Fall 2016: Introduction to CRS/WGS
Dr. Rand
Lecture #2 Notes:
Vocabulary:
o Androgyny
Blurs lines in the gender binary
However, it still relies on binary idea of men and women
Book quote:
“If language allows only two sexes to exist, then only two will be
seen,” p.15
o “Trasnssexual”
outdated term
referring to trans people who undergo surgery
o Sexuality and Sexual Orientation
Orientation: identity/identifying who you’re attracted to; vague
Sexuality: more detailed explanation of attraction
Monosexuality: common assumption of people only being attracted to
ONE group of people
Gender and Social Institutions
Cultural practices of gender
Institutions
o Types
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Education
Medical
Government
Legal
Religion
o Reward or punish behavior
Reward: gender norms
Punish: gender deviance
o Have roles
Ex. Student/teacher, doctor/patient
o Have rules
o Have a power structure (usually top down)
o Cultural practices as institutions
Ex. Marriage, the gender binary, race
Privilege
Naming Norms
Discrimination
o Actions that disadvantage an identity unfairly
Prejudice
o Personal feelings of dislike
Commission
o Explicitly disadvantaging acts
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Omission
o Discrimination by leaving something out
Heteronormativity
o Institutional policies that reinforce the idea that heterosexuality is normal, natural,
and preferred
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