Stuttering & Fluency Disorders

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Department
Communication Sci & Disorders
Course
CSD 212
Professor
Tamayo
Semester
Fall

Description
-Fluent spech -Fluency = speech that is easy, rhythmical, evenly flowing -Disfluency -Everyone is @ times -Btwn-word: fillers, pauses, revisions -W/in-word: repitition, prolongation, block -Unusual # of / phys. tense = stuttering -Lots of w/in-word disflu. -Normal disflu. -Transient vs persistent -Speech/lang. development -No other phys. accompaniments -Freq. in repetitions (<3% vs 7-14%) -Stuttering -Unusual # of repitions, prolong., blocks -Excessive phys. & mental effort to resume talking -Neg. perception of comm. abilities -- low self-esteem -Primary/core stuttering behaviors -Repitions: repeating sounds in beginning/middle of words -Prolong.: holding sound for long per. of time -Blocks: silent prolong. -2ndary behaviors -Counterproductive adaptations: circumlocutions, avoidances -Use mvmt to get thru stutter -Less successful, more intrusive over time -Incidence/prevalence -Prevalence (1%) -% of ppl who stutter in given pop. @ certain time -Incidence (5%) -% of ppl who stutter in given pop. @ any time in lives -3:1 = male:female -Causes -NOT nervous reaction -NOT result of overly-sensitive parents -Internal -Inherited traits -Temperaments -Cognitive abilities -Lang. knowledge -Info-processing mech. -Speech control -External -Cultural -Parental
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