Language Disorders

6 Pages

Communication Sci & Disorders
Course Code
CSD 212

This preview shows pages 1 and half of page 2. Sign up to view the full 6 pages of the document.
-Developmental lang. disorders -Not all kids have normal lang. development -Must understand what's normal to understand what isn't -Definition: Difficulty w/ comprehension and/or expression of lang. form/content/use -Infants @ risk -Prematurity, long NICU stay -Phys. disabilities, est. conditions -Maternal drug use/teratogens -Extreme privation -Ltd. babbling: not babbling @ 8 mo. -Lack of joint attention w/ parent/caregiver -Late talkers -Toddlers who lag in ability to understand/produce words [email protected] risk for lang. problems -Describing lang. disorders -Type -Delay vs. disorder -Dimension/domain -Form, content, use -Phonology, syntax, morphology, semantics, pragmatics -Modality -Receptive or expressive -Severity -Borderline, mild, moderate, severe, profound -Causation/etiology -Delay vs. disorder -Delay: children perform similarly to younger children (5yo talks like 3yo) -Disorder: aberrant lang. characteristics, not typical of normal development -Phonological disorders -Sounds slow to develop, used in unusual way -Use of phonological process -Cluster reduction: "pider" for "spider" -Velar fronting: "tome over" for "come over" -Final consonant deletion: "ba" for "bat" -Phonological awareness problems -ID words that rhyme, begin/end w/ same sound, blending, segmenting… -Morpho-syntactic disorders -Short, overly simple utterances -Difficulties learning grammar rules -Fragmented sentences -Few morphemes, small MLU -Semantic disorders -Ltd. expressive vocab, slow vocab growth -Trouble w/ abstract concepts, over-reliance on context for meaning -Hard to understand idioms, humor -Difficulty describing things -Difficulty w/ relational terms -Anoma: naming difficulties, word recall deficits -Pragmatic disorders -Difficulty requesting, responding to requests for clarification -Poor flexibility (w/ different listeners) -Difficulty turn-taking, maintaining topics, initiating/completing conversations -Asocial monologues -Narrative difficulties -Autism -Causes of lang. disorders -Neurological/CNS damage -Mental retardation, developmental disability -Diminished/disordered perceptual info -Diminished enviro. (neglect) -Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, drug-addicted newborns -Specific lang. impairment (SLI) -Lang. disorder that can't be attributed to known causation -No deficits in hearing, oral struc./func., gen. intelligence, perception -Characteristics of SLI -Receptive, expressive, or combo -Difficulties: -Extracting regularities (rules) from lang. in enviro. (form) -Registering diff. contexts for lang. (pragmatics) -Constructing word-referent associations for vocab growth (semantics) -Assessment of lang. -Standardized tests -Informal measures -- elicitation of specific forms ("book" vs. "books") -Observation -Lang. samples -- write down exactly what kid says to analyze later -Response to intervention -Birth to 5 intervention -Early intervention (0-3) -Individual Family Service Plan (IFSP) -Committee on Preschool Special Ed (3-5) -Indiv. Education Plan (IEP) or IFSP -Many possible therapy services -PT/OT/ST, special ed, psych., AT, 1:1 aide… -May receive intervention @ 1 of many locations -Home, day care, program/facility… -Therapy approaches -Clinician-centered vs. child-centered: who leads interaction -Ex. of therapy techniques for toddler/preschool -Expansions: adult corrects child, preserving word order -"Doggie eat" -- "The doggie is eating" -Adds grammatical completeness -Extensions: adult adds semantically related comment -"Doggie eat" -- "Yes, doggie is hungry" -Adds more semantic info -Self-talk: clinician talks about what s/he is doing -Child says nothing -Parallel-talk: clinician talks about what child & clinician are doing -Child says nothing -Lang. disorder in educational context -Learning disability -Significant difficulties in listening, speaking, reading, writing, reasoning, math -Dyslexia -Ne
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1 and half of page 2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.