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Lecture 25

HST 102 Lecture 25: Day 25 - The Politics of Disillusionment and American Culture in the 1970s
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Department
History
Course
HST 102
Professor
Gonda
Semester
Spring

Description
Day 25 - The Politics of Disillusionment and American Culture in the 1970s Monday, April 24, 2017 10:30 AM Previously on America Since 1865 • Massive Upheavals • Vietnam War erodes public faith in the presidency TET OFFENSIVE ○ • Skepticism toward the role and power of government in American Life • Nixon wins in 1968 Part I: Counterculture • Countercultural Protest ○ As protests evolve, spread and radicalize - they create their own culture ○ Explicit and forceful rejection of class social values ○ Young generation rebels against conformity in style, social behavior ○ Commonly known as "Hippies" • Turn On, Tune In, Drop Out ○ A revolution in various dimensions of Life: § Sexual Behavior □ 95% of college seniors said they had premarital sex □ Having children wasn't the endgame anymore § Drug Use □ 50% + used marijuana Clothing § § Language □ Introduction of more slang § Faith ○ Cultural rebellion and rejection of authority • Woodstock ○ Countercultural high-point at Woodstock Music Festival (August 1969) ○ 400,000 people at a massive 3 -day outdoor concert ○ Celebrate independence from adult authority and the rise of alternative lifestyles • Escalating Vietnam(?) Nixon's Vietnam strategy sparks new protests ○ ○ Nixon's two-pronged Agenda § "Vietnamization" - Fighting responsibilities shift to Vietnamese Day 25 - The Politics of Disillusionment and American Culture in the 1970s Monday, April 24, 2017 10:30 AM Previously on America Since 1865 • Massive Upheavals • Vietnam War erodes public faith in the presidency TET OFFENSIVE ○ • Skepticism toward the role and power of government in American Life • Nixon wins in 1968 Part I: Counterculture • Countercultural Protest ○ As protests evolve, spread and radicalize - they create their own culture ○ Explicit and forceful rejection of class social values ○ Young generation rebels against conformity in style, social behavior ○ Commonly known as "Hippies" • Turn On, Tune In, Drop Out ○ A revolution in various dimensions of Life: § Sexual Behavior □ 95% of college seniors said they had premarital sex □ Having children wasn't the endgame anymore § Drug Use □ 50% + used marijuana Clothing § § Language □ Introduction of more slang § Faith ○ Cultural rebellion and rejection of authority • Woodstock ○ Countercultural high-point at Woodstock Music Festival (August 1969) ○ 400,000 people at a massive 3 -day outdoor concert ○ Celebrate independence from adult authority and the rise of alternative lifestyles • Escalating Vietnam(?) Nixon's Vietnam strategy sparks new protests ○ ○ Nixon's two-pronged Agenda § "Vietnamization" - Fighting responsibilities shift to Vietnamese ○ Celebrate independence from adult authority and the rise of alternative lifestyles • Escalating Vietnam(?) ○ Nixon's Vietnam strategy sparks new protests ○ Nixon's two-pronged Agenda § "Vietnamization" - Fighting responsibilities shift to Vietnamese troops § Expansion of the War into Cambodia ○ Cambodian invasion generates public outrage • Kent State and Jackson State (1970) ○ May: National Guard troops fire into a crowd of protesting students at Kent State University, killing 4 ○ Protests explode: 450 colleges in 1970; 5 million students strike ○ National Guard occupies 21 campuses to suppress protests 10 days later, Mississippi police fire automatic weapons into a crowd at ○ Jackson State, killing 2 ○ June: Senate terminates Gulf of Tonkin Resolution • Pentagon Papers ○ 1971: Nixon's troubles grow when New York Times publishes the "Pentagon Papers" ○ Classified Defense Department report on U.S. involvement in Vietnam ○ Exposes massive deception by American leaders ○ Nixon tries to stop publication, but Supreme Court upholds the paper's First Amendment rights • Defeat Vietnam War ends in early 1973 with Paris Peace Accords ○ § US troops withdraw within 60 days § North Vietnamese troops can remain § Coalition government including the communist insurgency § Release of American POWs ○ 1975: Vietnam reunifies under Communist control ○ 58,000 American deaths; 2 -4 million Vietnamese/Cambodian deaths ○ The only war the country (US) had ever lost ○ Widespread anger and confusion regarding the nation's failures in Vietnam P
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