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Lecture

Mesopotamia

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Department
History
Course
HST 210
Professor
Champion
Semester
Summer

Description
-"The land btwn the rivers" (in Greek) -Btwn Tigris & Euphrates -Iraq, Jordan, Syria, Isreal, Lebanon, part of Iran -Why river valleys? -Agriculture -- fertile -Transportation, trading -Ag. Rev. readches Mesopot. ~5500 BCE -Domestication of plants & animals -Centralized authority, division of labor, social classes -Collective effort, cooperation -Impact on gender roles -Male: public, political, admin, judicial, military -Female: household, procreation, child-rearing -Enviro. -Hot summers -Rainfall >10 in per year -Flooding April - June, unpredictable -Silting and salinization -Highly-organized society -- extensive irrigation sys. -Pay-off = agri. surpluses -First civ.: Sumerian (4300-2334 BCE) -State & urban rev. (~3500 BCE ) -City-states -Kingship (Ensi) -Priests & scribes -- cuneiform -Inventories, contracts, wills, property deeds, etc. -Used to write various languages (Sumerian, Akkadian, Elamite) -Trade & warfare, fortification, military
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