Class Notes (834,967)
United States (323,999)
LIN 201 (27)
Ikier (25)
Lecture

(American) Sign Language

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Department
Linguistics
Course
LIN 201
Professor
Ikier
Semester
Fall

Description
-ASL -Signed lang. used thru’out most of English-speaking N. Amer. -Not derived from English -Most closely related to LSF (French sign lang.) -Used in a lot of places where English isn’t spoken -Primary lingua franca in worldwide deaf community -Widely learned as L2 -No universal signed lang. -Lgst # of speakers -Claim: signed lang. possess all major characteristics of lang. -Therefore, are full-fledged lang. -Evidence: -Same ling. knowledge: lexicon, struc.-dependent rules -Same acq. stages: same stages, critical per. -Same effects of aphasia -Representations -Phoneme = basic contrastive units in lang. -Used to tell morphemes apart -Claim: ASL has “sound sys.” (phonological component) -Discrete, meaningless contrasive units below morpheme lvl -Rules -Spoken/signed langs. use diff. modalities -Spoken lang. uses sound & hearing -Signed lang. uses space & vision -Dimensions -Sounds exist in time -Sounds in lang. are discrete -Sounds can’t be “beside” one another — only before or after -Speech sounds vary
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