Class Notes (837,007)
United States (324,889)
LIN 201 (27)
Ikier (25)
Lecture

Language & Society 4

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Department
Linguistics
Course
LIN 201
Professor
Ikier
Semester
Fall

Description
-Canadian Raising -Vowels articulated w/ slightly higher tongue -ai —> ǝi & aƱ —> ǝƱ before voiceless consonants -æ raised to e before voiced velar consonants (g, ng) -Attitudes toward ariation -Prestige: passive exercise of power relations via lang. -Respect accorded to particular lang. variety -Given to dialects/sociolects assoc. w/ wealth, education, etc. -Covert prestige: underclass variety preferred, for solidarity or rebellion -Based on extralinguistic factors -Standard = high-prestge idealized dialect -Taken as norm for education, commerce, public communication, etc. -Prescriptivism: active exercise… -Science of ling. tries to be descriptive -Prescriptivism is the opposite -Claim that one variety is “correct” -Others are wrong -Attempts to enforce claim -Universal, common even among most educated -Sociolects -Lang. communicates on multiple lvls @ once -Lang. = group-marking, self-identification -Mostly just par
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