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Psychology 2.19.13.docx

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School
Syracuse University
Department
Psychology
Course
PSY 205
Professor
Palfai
Semester
Spring

Description
Psychology  02/19/2013 *Instrumental Conditioning Operant Conditioning ­ shaping: reinforcing by successive approximation ▯ Skinner, parakeet can ride a bicycle Individual Differences ­ behavior modification ­ *The case of Susie: give money to stop coffee ­ *The case of Lisa: runs on hands and knees at school, teachers call in behavior analysis.. consequence of  actions is children laughing and teachers annoyed.. Next time Lisa goes on hands and knees don’t respond  (no laughing) and do the same at the home. (father doesn’t take notice of her, kicks her when she’s on  hands and knees­gets attention from father) so give attention to her when she is on her feet. ▯ Use a higher  The Use of Reinforcement ­ continuous VS partial reinforcement rate of respondance much higher when perioudic reinforcement used ­ **Schedules of reinforcement: *fixed ratio: give reinforcement with a fixed number and very rapid respondence variable ratio: never know how many times will have to respond, casino slot machine fixed interval: given reinforcement at fixed time interval (every so many minutes, scalloping effect  *Example of fixed interval schedule behavior in every day life: Studying Variable interval: reinforcement comes at times you determine it to come – rate of response much lower i.e  complete so much work until you get
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