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Lecture

Psych Lecture April 9.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY 205
Professor
Palfai
Semester
Spring

Description
Psych Lecture April 9, 2013 To study emotions you must ask: ­ What is the stimulus ­ Response to stimulus ­ Mechanisms The emotional Response ­ OVERT: speech, expression, ACTION, and their attributes ­ COVERT: HR, BP, RR (respiration rate), Pupil size (larger – dilated), dry mouth,  EEG, blood sugar (increases), adrenaline (release), elevation of gluco­corticoids,  GSR (galvanic skin response), ACTH Theories of emotions (Text book chapter 10) ­ James – Lange: suggested when driving your car, someone passes you, break,  project into ditch and your HR increases ­ Cannon – Bard: slamming on break you are already emotional, driving of HR  ­ Arnold cognitive appraisal theory: argued that when in an emotional situation  there is an assessment of the situation (increase HR) HR feeds back on the  knowledge (a compromise of J­L and C­B) ­ Schachter context: tested this idea, gave them adrenaline (increased HR), the  other group of student exposed to a happy person (stimulus), anger person made  people angry, happy person made them happy. Argued context combined with  physiological response gives emotions Fear ­ John B. Watson ­ Stimulus: loss of support (lose balance), loud noise, painful stimulus, unusual  pattern (of stimulus) ­ Response: freezing, tremor, vocalization, ANS, habit, model o Model serves as the example Aggression ­ Stimulus: frustration, conflict, painful stimulation ­ Response: aggression, ANS, model ­ Experiment: voodoo doll, kids copy the model and treat doll as the adult did o Parents serve as model for children Anxiety ­ Stimulus: stress ­ Response: coping, often maladaptive behavior, ANS reaction and psychosomatic  consequences o Lasts longer amount of time Stress ­ Stress: any form of threat, real or perceived o “nothing is either good or bad but thinking makes it so Where does it come from? ­ Threat, illness, danger ­ Frustration (goal is blocked) ­ Conflict (competition 4 types) o Approach­approach: tickets to basketball game and football game have to  choose one o Approach­avoidance: good bf but bad breath o Avoidance­avoidance o Double approach avoidance: two different situation have both positive and  negative values. I.e. Vietnam war go to Vietnam and possibly be killed,  flee and make no contribution ­ The more complicated the decision, the less likely to make ­ Change )living style or job – going to college) ­ Pressure (demand, deadlines) ­ Additive ? ­ ? Responding to Stress ­ Cognitive reactions: appraisal; think about it o Annoyance (anger, rage) o Apprehension (fear, phobia, anxiety) o Dejection (sadness, grief) o Rejection (no big deal): fail class, “no big” take it again and get an A ­ Physiological reactions o HR, BP, RR, Pupil size, dry mouth, EEG, blod sugar, adrenaline, ACTH,  elevation of ­ Health consequences ­ Behavioral coping Hans Selye, the General Adaptation Syndrome ­ Alarm (adrenal is enlarged), resistance (tries to fight disease), exhaustion (dies) ­ CRF, anterior pituitary, ACTH (hormone release, stimulates cortisol and interferes 
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