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Notes on Original Affluent Society.docx

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Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTH 205
Professor
Brittany Staff

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Notes on Original Affluent Society: 02/21/2014 • Affluent: plentiful, abundant, flowing freely, copious • Affluent Society: one in which all the people’s wants are easily satisfied • Sahlins (1984) argues that this is achieved by producing much or desiring little Galbraithean and Zen solutions to the “problem” of achieving affluence • • G. Cause (market economies): a people’s wants are great and means are limited; though  improvable with the gap being narrowed by industrial productivity o Zen course (foraging societies): material ends are few and technical means  unchanging but adequate. Needs are met though standard of living may lower • Sahlins (1984) is arguing that the prevailing dogma that agriculture led to a reduction in labor  productivity and thus an increase in affluence • He argues that capitalist economy is the origin of this idea because of the nature of capitalism • Limited resources and unlimited wants; each fulfillment is at the cost of another want • Affluenza: extreme materialism which is the accumulating wealth  • Sahlins (1984) claims that hunter gatherers are less stressed, less anxious, and as “if they had it made” Argues this i
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