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Lecture 3

BIMS 201 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Ovarian Cancer, Breast Cancer, Cell Culture

Biomedical Science
Course Code
BIMS 201
Elizabeth A.Crouch

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BRCA 1 and BRCA 2: Patent Law and Supreme Court Decision
Myiad’s Aguets
Invest time, 100s of millions of dollars
Man-ade podut ad is gee e loated—not naturally occurring (came from cell
Individuals w/genetic propensity for breast and ovarian cancer benefit to know
Company is leading in the discovery and knowledge and newer companies may not
know as much on the subject
Bette @ taslatioal ad youge opay ould ake uik ash  ulk of
discovery complete
Oe tissue leaes ody/gee leaes ody, the it’s no longer natural
Patents given for chem. compound in lab and also reproducible
Prometheus case: contradicts this one
Quality of product bc discovered/isolate gene
Other projects/daughter companies could be compromised if Myiad is’t efudig all
its money that it invested/spent on discovering/isolating this
Physicians and Patients
Patient has restricted access to research on their genes
o If patient is restricted to only use Myriad=profit over knowledge
o Test=$4000=unaffordable to middle and lower middle class
Myriad=monopolizing this area of research
Goes agaist Costitutio: a’t hoose healthae poide
No room for 2nd opinion if Myriad is only company possessing this knowledge
Beast ae eseah is aleady ide spead ad holdig patet ould’t esue >
research done on this type of cancer in particular
Go’t fuds used /othe eseahes ad Myiad as 1st to ask for patent, therefore
other companies and entities=losing their time and research and R&D dollars as well
o Not only ones that can supply knowledge; not unique product
Natural gene sequence; isolated by man
Lead to > monopolization on future gene sequence discoveries?
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