Creative Process: Modeling Creative Behavior
Graham Wallas (1926)
Exploring and clarifying the situation.
Looking for “real,” or underlying problem.
We do not voluntarily think about the event.
Series of unconscious and involuntary mental events.
The harder you think, the less you’ll be creative.
In the bathroom, in bed, behind the wheel.
Guilford (1979): “reflection.”
AHA Experience, sudden illumination or perception.
Checking/solidifying idea. (Persuasion)
Only true stage theory.
o Norlander (1999)
Occurs when we are mentally fatigued.
Don’t have to be followed in order.
E. Paul Torrance (1973)
o Sensing a problem/gap in information.
o Forming ideas and hypothesis.
o Testing and modifying the results.
o Communicating the results.
o Metacognition: Thinking about thinking.
o Brainstorming (Osborn, 1963)
Generate ideas by exploring many possible solutions.
Quantity over quality.
Combine and construct ideas. o Synetics
Breaking old patterns and developing a new perceptual framework.
Being able to see things differently.
Creative Problem Solving Model
o Osborn (1963) and Parnes (1981)