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Lecture

Creative Process

3 Pages
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Department
Educational Psychology
Course Code
EPSY 430
Professor
Woodward

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Keith Owen
9/19/13
EPSY 430
Creative Process: Modeling Creative Behavior
Graham Wallas (1926)
o Preparation
Exploring and clarifying the situation.
Looking for “real,” or underlying problem.
o Incubation
We do not voluntarily think about the event.
Series of unconscious and involuntary mental events.
The harder you think, the less you’ll be creative.
In the bathroom, in bed, behind the wheel.
Guilford (1979): “reflection.”
o Illumination
AHA Experience, sudden illumination or perception.
o Verification
Checking/solidifying idea. (Persuasion)
Only true stage theory.
o Norlander (1999)
Restitution
Occurs when we are mentally fatigued.
o Criticisms
Don’t have to be followed in order.
E. Paul Torrance (1973)
o Sensing a problem/gap in information.
o Forming ideas and hypothesis.
o Testing and modifying the results.
o Communicating the results.
Pragmatic Approaches
o Metacognition: Thinking about thinking.
Convergent
Tactic
Strategy
Heuristics
Lateral
Associations
Restructuring
o Brainstorming (Osborn, 1963)
Divergent
Generate ideas by exploring many possible solutions.
Defer judgment.
Freewheeling
Quantity over quality.
Combine and construct ideas.

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Description
Keith Owen 9/19/13 EPSY 430 Creative Process: Modeling Creative Behavior Graham Wallas (1926) o Preparation  Exploring and clarifying the situation.  Looking for “real,” or underlying problem. o Incubation  We do not voluntarily think about the event.  Series of unconscious and involuntary mental events.  The harder you think, the less you’ll be creative.  In the bathroom, in bed, behind the wheel.  Guilford (1979): “reflection.” o Illumination  AHA Experience, sudden illumination or perception. o Verification  Checking/solidifying idea. (Persuasion)  Only true stage theory. o Norlander (1999)  Restitution  Occurs when we are mentally fatigued. o Criticisms  Don’t have to be followed in order. E. Paul Torrance (1973) o Sensing a problem/gap in information. o Forming ideas and hypothesis. o Testing and modifying the results. o Communicating the results. Pragmatic Approaches o Metacognition: Thinking about thinking.  Convergent  Tactic  Strategy  Heuristics  Lateral  Associations  Restructuring o Brainstorming (Osborn, 1963)  Divergent  Generate ideas by exploring many possible solutions.  Defer judgment.  Freewheeling  Quantity over quality.  Combine and construct ideas. o Synetics  Breaking old patterns and developing a new perceptual framework.  Being able to see things differently. Creative Problem Solving Model o Osborn (1963) and Parnes (1981)
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