ECE 102 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Heather Has Two Mommies, The Hardy Boys, Judy Blume

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10 Sep 2017
History of Children’s Literature
Children’s books were nonexistent until the 1800’s
Early Works
Aesop’s Fables were among the first children’s stories
The Lion and the Mouse
Orbus Pictus (The World in Pictures)
European schoolbook which focused on visual learning
Believed to be the first picture book
Adventures of Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe (1661)
A Little Pretty Pocket-book by John Newbury
Considered the first children’s book
Believed kids should enjoy reading
Taught alphabet with games, rhymes, fables, etc.
Newbury medal
Hornbooks (lesson paddles)
Small wooden paddles (3x5 inches)
Parchment pasted on with alphabet, prayers, etc.
Small cheap stitched books sold by local merchants
Ex: Sleeping Beauty, Robin Hood
Books of Instruction
18th century main concern was religion
19th century books begin to appear in middle class homes
Dick and Jane books widely associated with learning to read
words are very repetitive
o Characters of other cultures and races are not introduced
until 1965, as Dick and Jane books are declining in
There was no need for diverse characters until Dick
and Jane books were no longer popular
1970’s – picture books are available in paperback
cheaper and more accessible for young readers
Hardy Boys, teen romance books
1980’s – 1990’s – teachers embrace lit-based use of trade books instead of
“I can Read” books
Goosebumps, American Girls, Bailey School Kids
Kids had an increased enthusiasm for reading
Early 2000’s – shift to teach to tests
Children are encouraged to read “outside of school”
Importance of trade books in classroom is down
Controversial Books
Different people may be offended by different things
Are You There God, It’s Me, Margaret – Judy Blume (pornography)
Books with negative content are often dismissed by adults
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