ANTH 20633 Lecture 3: Archeology Notes Study Guide 2

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Texas Christian University
ANTH 20633
David Aftandilian

Archeology Notes Destruction of the Past Main Agencies of Destruction 1) Construction of roads, quarries, dams, etc. o Easily recognizable. 2) Agricultural intensification. o E.g.: Forest plantations now cover what was open land, and tree roots are destroying archaeological sites. 3) Conflict (War) o Destruction can be caused by two nations in conflict either deliberately or accidentally. Minor: - Tourism - Looting The Response: Survey, Conservation, and Mitigation - Development of public archaeology: the acceptance that public and government have a responsibility to avoid unnecessary destruction of heritage. 1) Survey o Before major developments are undertaken (constructions), there must be a survey or assessment of the likely effects of the development upon possible archaeological remains. o Done in order to locate unknown archaeological sites 2) Conservation and Mitigation o CRM (Cultural Resource Management)/ Applied Archaeology: Set of laws and regulations practiced to manage historic sites.  Most surveys and recovery projects in the USA are carried out by private
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