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Lecture 5

ANTH 20633 Lecture 5: Native American Acts & Notes

by OneClass1067533 , Fall 2016
3 Pages
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Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTH 20633
Professor
David Aftandilian
Lecture
5

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1906 Antiquities Act
Positive (Arch POV):
- Reduces looting
- Helps professionalize archaeology/proper recording
- Preserves sites for future generations
Negative (Nat. Am. POV):
- Led archaeologists to view Native past as their intellectual property.
- Excludes natives from digging/learning/explaining their own past
- Appropriates Native sites into puli trust; sovereignty issues
1940s Flood Control: Pick-sloan Plan
Folsom Site in New Mexico (10,900-10,200) BP
- Projectile point found in situ between ribs of extinct bison
Clovis Site in New Mexico (11,500-10,900) BP
- Known it was older because of Stratigaphry.
Clovis-First Theory
- Crossed Bering strait 20,000 BP.
- Warm temperatures created ice free corridor from Yukon to Montana in
12,000 BP when ice was melting.
Pacific Coast Highway Theory
- People would do island hopping
- They knew how to operate boats.
- Would explain monte Verde.
Multiple Migrations
- Archaeological evidence
- Linguistics
- Native oral traditions
- DNA evidence
Where do Native Peoples say they come from?
- Archaeol/scientific evidence
- Oral traditions of emergence from underworld or coming down from upper
world.
- Some say there came from overseas.
- In the 20th century the native American population increased again as they familiarized
with the non-indian world.
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Description
1906 Antiquities Act Positive (Arch POV): - Reduces looting - Helps professionalize archaeology/proper recording - Preserves sites for future generations Negative (Nat. Am. POV): - Led archaeologists to view Native past as their intellectual property. - Excludes natives from digging/learning/explaining their own past - Appropriates Native sites into ‘public trust’; sovereignty issues 1940s Flood Control: Pick-sloan Plan Folsom Site in New Mexico (10,900-10,200) BP - Projectile point found in situ between ribs of extinct bison Clovis Site in New Mexico (11,500-10,900) BP - Known it was older because of Stratigaphry. Clovis-First Theory - Crossed Bering strait 20,000 BP. - Warm temperatures created ice free corridor from Yukon to Montana in 12,000 BP when ice was melting. Pacific Coast Highway Theory - People would do island hopping - They knew how to operate boats. - Would explain monte Verde. Multiple Migrations - Archaeological evidence - Linguistics - Native oral traditions - DNA evidence Where do Native Peoples say they come from? - Archaeol/scientific evidence - Oral traditions of emergence from underworld or coming down from upper world. - Some say there came from overseas. - In the 20 century the native American population increased again as they familiarized with the non-indian world. - Jim Thorpe won multiple awards in Olympics in Scandinavia. - Arthur Parker pursued a career in history and anthropology. He was the first native American to interpret excavation findings based on first-hand knowledge of the Indian life. - Society of American Indians- formed by Parker and other Indians. First official organization of Indians in America. They said Indians should adapt to modern life. - Parker criticized European immigrants, calling them ignorant. - Different views on dressing and authenticity. Some Indians wanted to keep their pride and customs, such as the Oorag Indians who were the first Indian football team and performed traditional practices during halftime show. Others believed that they were best characterized as dressing in a civilized manner in order to have something in
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