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CRJU 20423 (22)
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Lecture 3

CRJU 20423 Lecture 3: Juvenile Delinquency

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Criminal Justice
CRJU 20423

Juvenile Delinquency Bohm Walker: Chapter 4 Violent juveniles will become adult criminal 1 Violent Juvenile Crime is on the Rise o Massive explosion of violent juvenile crime o Warning that kids are violent, stalking prey, etc. o people thought that increase was coming from the increase of the minority youth population; if it is increasing then that must be the reason why we are seeing the increase in juvenile crime 2 Juvenile Offenders Are SuperPredators o That they were responsible for violent crimes 3 All Violent Juvenile Offenders Progress to the Adult System o Idea that are going to be tried in an adult court The Kernel of Truth o Violent juvenile crime rates = increased (easier to get ahold of guns and population growth) then decreased o Media; school shootings, sex offenses o There are some youth that are violent and will pass through the system many times; habitual offenders o Few juveniles are involved in violentpredatory crimes o Ineffective families, substance abuse, living in poverty, neighborhoods that consist of violent crimes, gangs, etc. o Most juveniles stop committing crime before 18 o Lifecoursepersistent offenders habitual offenders and the crime they commit is substantial; this small percentage makes population believe that they cannot change and will progress into the adult system o Increase of zero tolerance policies Maguire Okada: Chapter 6 Varies across states (under 16, 17, or 18) Judge and prosecution can decide if juvenile progresses to adult Some states will keep past 18 1 in 8 students in fights1 in 4 property stolendamaged but 5 decrease of weapons 2010 used drugsmore alcohol but overall decline since 1980s 2010 juvenile murder reached lowest level since 1980 o white juvenile murder is more likely to kill family member o firearms are used more by youth males o 72 of victims were adults with dealing with white juvenile murderer o 78 are adult victims if dealing with black youth juvenile murderers o juvenile females are more likely to kill a female than males ALs (adolescentlimited) LCPs (life course persistent) o AL stop at 18, do not commit crime after this; mimicking LCPs o LCP continue to commit crime Three pathways: authority conflict, overt, and covert o Authority stubborn behavior, disobedience, authority avoidance; before 12
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