EDUC 0915 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Occitan Language, Indo-European Languages, Germanic Languages

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7 Feb 2017

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EDU 0915 - Dr. Kenneth Schaefer
Thursday, February 2, 2017
Language in Society
Notes 4
Indo-European Languages
- Theories: see handout on blackboard
The Spread of Indo-European Languages
1. the Celtic branch of Indo-European
-celtic language and culture dominated Europe in the last centuries of the 1st
millennium BC (around 400 BC)
-they migrated from most of Europe to now only Scotland, Ireland, Welsh, Manx,
Cornish and Breton
-In the US - there are some Irish communities in the US today, and they are on
the northeast of the US, as a result of their immigration from Ireland during the 5
year crop failure
2. The Hellenic (Greek) branch of Indo-European
-the greeks also had their period of ascendancy (500-200 BC) with the conquest
of Alexander the Great
-the Greek empire was strongest in 300 BC, when he conquered the Persians
-the language today, however, only resides in Greece
3. The Italic (Roman) branch of Indo-European
-the latin-speaking Roman Empire dominated the Mediterranean, Western
Europe, Southern Europe, and north african areas in AD 400
-The Romance (latin-based) languages today are french, spanish, portuguese,
italian, catalan, occitan, sardinian, corsican, romanian, rhaeto-romance, and
many italian and spanish speakers live in America today
4. The Germanic Branch of Indo-European
-this one is complicated - english is only one of 13 germanic languages that are
spoken in 2017, and all of those languages are in the US today
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