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Lecture 4

HIST 0865 Lecture 4: Fascism and Nazism

4 Pages
34 Views
Fall 2017

Department
History
Course Code
HIST 0865
Professor
Eric J Perinovic
Lecture
4

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9/25
Fascism and Nazism
Fascism definition
Dictator/authoritarian
Centralized state
Nationalist
Racism
Major Argument
Fascism and nazism provided the major challenges to the established postwar
European order, but they frequently derived their power from eroding that
order from within.
Key Terms:
The Facist Minimum
the March on Rome
the Beer Hall Putsch
the Reichstag Fire
the Italian invasion of Ethiopia
The Fascist Minimum
The three basic attributes that a state must possess to be fascist
Ultra-nationalistic
Strictly hierarchical
Use of the “Leader Principle”
What the leader says goes above all things, whether parliament, judicial
system, citizen unrest
Germany and Italy fall into it
Conservative elites make deals with fringe nationalist parties to evade
chaos
“Stab in the Back” myth
The idea that Germany could have won WW1, but politicians “sold them out
by making peace too early
Shown by the “War Guilt Clause”
Shows a blend of cultural, political, and material unrest that serves as the
catalyst for an overhaul of the order
Similarities between Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany
Ultra-nationalistic

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Description
9/25 Fascism and Nazism Fascism definition Dictator/authoritarian Centralized state Nationalist Racism Major Argument Fascism and nazism provided the major challenges to the established postwar European order, but they frequently derived their power from eroding that order from within. Key Terms: The Facist Minimum the March on Rome the Beer Hall Putsch the Reichstag Fire the Italian invasion of Ethiopia The Fascist Minimum The three basic attributes that a state must possess to be fascist Ultra-nationalistic Strictly hierarchical Use of the Leader Principle What the leader says goes above all things, whether parliament, judicial system, citizen unrest Germany and Italy fall into it Conservative elites make deals with fringe nationalist parties to evade chaos Stab in the Back myth The idea that Germany could have won WW1, but politicians sold them out by making peace too early Shown by the War Guilt Clause Shows a blend of cultural, political, and material unrest that serves as the catalyst for an overhaul of the order Similarities between Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany Ultra-nationalistic
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