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Lecture 4

HIST 0865 Lecture 4: Fascism and Nazism

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HIST 0865
Eric J Perinovic

9/25 Fascism and Nazism Fascism definition Dictator/authoritarian Centralized state Nationalist Racism Major Argument Fascism and nazism provided the major challenges to the established postwar European order, but they frequently derived their power from eroding that order from within. Key Terms: The Facist Minimum the March on Rome the Beer Hall Putsch the Reichstag Fire the Italian invasion of Ethiopia The Fascist Minimum The three basic attributes that a state must possess to be fascist Ultra-nationalistic Strictly hierarchical Use of the Leader Principle What the leader says goes above all things, whether parliament, judicial system, citizen unrest Germany and Italy fall into it Conservative elites make deals with fringe nationalist parties to evade chaos Stab in the Back myth The idea that Germany could have won WW1, but politicians sold them out by making peace too early Shown by the War Guilt Clause Shows a blend of cultural, political, and material unrest that serves as the catalyst for an overhaul of the order Similarities between Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany Ultra-nationalistic
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