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Lecture 5

HIST 0865 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Mutual Assured Destruction, Truman Doctrine, Massive Retaliation

1 pages87 viewsFall 2015

Course Code
HIST 0865
Paul Braff

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Practicing Containment:
Truman Doctrine (1947)
 Sending aid to countries
Eisenhower (1953-61)
 Massive retaliation – big arsenal of weapons, so that they
can make other countries afraid if they mess with them (H
Bomb)  applies it to the Middle East as well
 Sputnik – 1957 (This means that Soviet Union is ahead of
U.S. in terms of technology)
 U-2 Spy Plane incident before the Paris Summit
Conference in 1960 (U.S. looks like the aggressor)
M.A.D. – Mutually Assured Destruction (both countries get
Brinkmanship – Pushing the other country to the edge
without going over (1956 – Poland and Hungry both revolt
against the Soviet Union  U.S. doesn’t do anything
because of containment policy)
JFK – Flexible response – take refugees and train them
militarily to invade and revolt
Bay of Pigs (1961)
Berlin Wall (1961) – to stop East Germans from crossing
into West Berlin
Cuban Missile Crisis (1962) – Castro seems like he is
becoming more communist-based
 JFK quarantines Cuba – ships aren’t allowed to get into
Nixon – Realpolitik (Doesn’t really practice containment) –
only cares about how powerful the country is
 Practices détente -- try to make agreements with
countries (work with other countries)  SALT agreement to
slow down testing of missiles/limit them
Helsinki Accords – done by Ford, emphasizing human
rights (signed by both Russia and U.S.)
Issues of the Cold War:
 Social issues
 Arms Race
 Immigration
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