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Lecture 7

PSY 2201 Lecture 7: Personality Disorders

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PSY 2201
Paul Okami

Personality Disorders Tuesday, March 21, 2017 2:46 PM DissociativeIdentity Disorder 75 of American, and 86 of Canadian psychiatrists doubt the scientific validity of DID and consider it a fad diagnosis PosttraumaticDID Alters (alterego) Prior to the 1970s There were only 79 documented cases. By the 1990s there were 40,000 cases in USA alone. The epidemic of DID occurred following the publication of the book and TV movie,Sybil. The Sybil Case Was a Fraud. Stories of childhood abuse were invented or greatly exaggerated by Masons psychiatrist. Independent psychiatrists who examined Mason at the time did not believe she had multiple personalities Two views: the posttraumaticmodeland the sociocognitivemodel. The sociocognitivemodel proposes that most cases are the result ofiatrogenic Iatrogenic when doctor psychotherapy by true believer therapists. creates illness rather than The posttraumaticmodel proposes that DID is the consequence of childhood abuse healing Evidence in Favor of the SociocognitiveModel of DID DID therapists use highly suggestive techniques (e.g., hypnosis, guided imagery),and call out alters if none appear spontaneously. These are the same techniques that resulted in the creation ofrich false memoriesin discredited recoveredmemorytherapy Patients rarely display symptomsprior to going into therapy, and the longer they remain in therapy, the sicker they get. Only a very small number of clinicians have treated the overwhelming number of cases. 90 of clinicians have never seen a single case. Personality: 1) Each person is like all other persons. 2) Each person is like some other persons. 3) Each person is like no other person. The FiveFactor Model (the big five) Ocean 4) Openness to experience Imaginative, intellectual, curious, creative, vs. Conventional,practical, nonintellectual, enjoys routine 5) Conscientiousness Careful, thorough, wellorganized, responsible vs. Ccareless, inefficient, disorganized, irresponsible 6) Extraversion Sociable, energetic, assertive,oriented toward others vs. Passive,reserved, quiet, selforiented 7) Agreeableness Warm, kind, empathetic,compassionate,trusting vs. Hostile, suspicious, unkind, lacking compassion or trust
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