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Lecture 1

REL 0863 Lecture 1: Religion 08:31

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Temple University
REL 0863
Minjung Noh

find more resources at Wednesday, August 31, 2016 Religion In The World What is Religion? Religio Latin - “respect” - as in respect for the gods, the Roman gods, that is… • Latin - religionem - “respect for what is sacred, reverence for the gods, • conscientiousness, sense of right, moral obligation; fear of the gods; divine service, religious observance; a religion, a faith, a mode of worship, cult; sanctity, holiness…” Religere or Religare? • Cicero (d. 43 BCE) - relegere - to reread, to read deeply, latin root of “lecture” • Lactantius (d. 320 CE) - relegare - to relink, to tie tightly, related to the notion “to rely” Meanwhile in China… • No word for religion until 18th century • Houses, teachings, ways Jalal al-Din Rumi (1207-1273) • Religion is ‘one’ • “The lights are different, but the Light is the dame: it comes from Beyond. If thou keep looking for the lamp, thou art lost: for thence arises the appearance of number and plurality. Fix they gaze upon the Light, and thou art delivered from the dualism inherent in the finite body...The Faithful are many, but their Faith is one; their bodies are numerous, but their soul is one.” Karl Marx (1818 -1833) • Religion made by man • “Religion is the sigh of the oppressed creature, the heart of a heartless world, and the soul of soulless conditions. It is the opium of the people.” ▯1 find more resources at find more resources at Wednesday, August 31, 2016 E.B. Tylor (1832-1917) • Religion is “the belief in spiritual beings” • Animism - key concept Emile Durkheim (1858-1917) • "A religion is a unified system of beliefs and practices relative to sacred things, that is to say, things set apart and forbidden -- beliefs and practices which unite into one single moral community called a Church, all those who adhere to them.“ • Totemism, The Sacred, The Profane - key concepts Max Weber (1864-1920) • Functionalist • Key terms: Enchantment, Worthiness, Disenchantment, Secularization, Theodicy of Compensation, “heroes, saints and fun
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