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Lecture 8

PHIL 1320 Lecture 8: PHIL 11-2-17

2 Pages
64 Views
Fall 2017

Department
Philosophy
Course Code
Philosophy PHIL 1320
Professor
Jonathan Surovell
Lecture
8

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Alexander’s New Jim Crow Theory
Theory of Mass Incarceration
Ethics and Society
Why are so many blacks and Latinos incarcerated in the USA?
Do our justice and penal systems treat the accused?
____________________________________________________________
Racism in American History
- Pattern in American history
- Racism was introduced by the elite to pin black slaves and
white “slaves” against each other when the revoluted against
them.
- Jim crow laws legal required for all business to segregate
based on color, along side with the KKK and lynching
- Laws may change, but new ones are put in place to essentially
do the same thing, today's is the criminal justice system
preventing people from voting. Before it was unequal access to
education due to segregation (literacy tests, very difficult).
Before that it was the KKK. and before that it was because they
were slaves.
Incarceration in USA
- “Tough on crime” rhetoric, the war on drugs, and mass incarceration
- Heroin = blacks
- Weed = latinos/hippies
- Cocaine? = rich (white) - i mean not really, police didn’t care
about them
- 380 whites per 100,000 imprisoned
- 966 latinos per 100,000 imprisoned
- 2207 blacks per 100,000 imprisoned
Implicit bias and structural racism
- Spread by the news
- 25 percent of black people have implicit bias towards other black
people (didn’t know that)
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Description
Alexanders New Jim Crow Theory Theory of Mass Incarceration Ethics and Society Why are so many blacks and Latinos incarcerated in the USA? Do our justice and penal systems treat the accused? ____________________________________________________________ Racism in American History - Pattern in American history - Racism was introduced by the elite to pin black slaves and white slaves against each other when the revoluted against them. - Jim crow laws legal required for all business to segregate based on color, along side with the KKK and lynching - Laws may change, but new ones are put in place to essentially do the same thing, today's is the criminal justice system preventing people from voting. Before it was unequal access to education due to segregation (literacy tests, very difficult). Before that it was the KKK. and before that it was because they were slaves. Incarceration in USA - Tough on crime rhetoric, the war on drugs, and mass incarceration - Heroin = blacks - Weed = latinos/hippies - Cocaine? = rich (white) - i mean not really, police didnt care about them - 380 whites per 100,000 imprisoned - 966 latinos per 100,000 imprisoned - 2207 blacks per 100,000 imprisoned Implicit bias and structural racism - Spread by the news - 25 percent of black people have implicit bias towards other black people (didnt know that) - American police forces and justice systems are structurally racist in that they give free rein to the anti- Black and anti- Latino implicit biases of their officers. ~ Alexander - Correll et al. (2007): police officers were compared with community members in terms of the speed and accuracy with which they made simulated decisions to shoot (or not shoot) Black and White targets. Both samples exhibited robust racial bias in response speed - Fryer (2016): on non-lethal uses of force, blacks and Hispanics are more than fifty percent more likely to experience some form of force in interactions with police. Adding controls that ac
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