SOC 1301 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Auguste Comte, Structural Functionalism, Political Economy

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Published on 22 Jan 2018
Department
Course
Professor
Sociology and the Real World
Sunday, January 21, 2018
3:19 PM
<<LECTURE Sociology and the Real World.pdf>>
_KEY:_______
Definitions
What is Sociology?
o Scientific study of human social behavior
o Sociology assumes that regularities are products of social forces rather than physical ones:
Groups
Organizations
Societies
o Howard Becker: sociology = the study of people "doing things together"
Neither society or the individual can exist independently
Level of analysis:
o Microsociology: examines small group interactions to see how they impact larger
institutions in society
Ex: families affect society by teaching children to go to school
o Macrosociology: examines large scale social structures to determine how they impact
groups and individuals
Ex: society (via the gvt.) provides the school to which individuals go to
o The Macro-Micro Continuum
o
Sociological Imagination:
o Quality of the mind that allows us to understand the relationship between our particular
situation in life and what is happening at a social level
Ex: getting a degree to get a well-paying job in order to support your loved ones - your
sociological imagination is your motivation to get a degree
Culture Shock:
o Occurs when you experience a sense of disorientation upon entering a new environment
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