MUS 1030 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Italian Unification, Symphonie Fantastique, Song Cycle

40 views5 pages
Published on 16 Nov 2016
School
TNTECH
Department
Music
Course
MUS 1030
Professor
Page:
of 5
Introduction to Romanticism (1820-1900)
What is Romanticism?
o Rejection of formality and objectivity of 18th century and replaced with
subjectivity and use of personal expressionism of the 19th century
4 Trends of Romantic Music
o a fascination with extreme emotional states
o inclusion of nationalism
o glorification of nature
o a fascination of the macabre and the supernatural
Romanticism V Classicism
Romantic Ideals Classic Ideals
Subjectivity Objectivity
Individualism Traditionalism
Nationalism Aristocracy
Emotionalism Emotional Restraint
Super-Nationalism Realism
Form: ambiguous fixed (all important)
Texture: virtuosity melody in upper voices
in all instruments
Cadence: surprise tonal
endings
Phrasing: varied, even, downbeat
less tyranny of the bar line
Expression: personalized, explicit pp to ff
Harmony: broad key usage, dissonant tonal I-V emphasis, more limited
Altered chords keys
Orchestra: expanded, new instruments standard
Art “og: Lieder
o Solo voice and piano
o “ogs grouped together, sog le
o Three forms: strophic, through composed (melodically, every section is
different), modified strophic (A A B A)
o Franz Schubert (1787-1828)
Wrote over 600 lieder
Born and died in Vienna
Made living with teaching and composing
Wrote symphonies, string quartets, art songs
9 symphonies
string quartets, art songs
much of compositional output was for close friends and students
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
o personal life as undergone some scrutiny from historians
Die Erlkonig
Written in 1815
Text by Goethe
5 characters portrayed: horse, narrator, father, son, and elf king
Robert Schumann (1810-1856)
2nd greatest writer of lieder
married Clara Wieck in 1840, daughter of his teacher
friend of Johannes Brahms
suffered from depression
Piano Literature
o Transformation of the piano
Harpsichord piano forte Piano
pluk the strigs soft-loud touch sensitive metal frame third petal,
sosteuto
Frederic Chopin (1810-1849)
o Polish born
o Moed to Paris i earl 20’s
o Played for small audiences
o Had relatioship ith author George “ad
o Died from tuberculosis at age 39
o Musical achievements include concertos, chamber music, and many solo piano
works
o Wrote and included Polish nationalism ith Poloaise ad Mazurkas
Franz Liszt (1811-1886)
o Born in Hungary
o Moved to Paris
o Oe of earliest faous usiias
o Awe-inspiring piano technique
o 1846- became conductor in Weimar
o 1861- took Holy orders
o Music-less lyrical than Chopins, more leaps and skips
o Credited with invention of the sphoi toe poe
Nationalism
o Created from desire to incorporate folk music into art forms
o Gies a sese of self at the atioal leel
o Non-standard harmonies, folk melodies, and unusual instruments
o Bedrick Smetana (1824-1884)
Czechoslovakian born composer
Most faous orks ilude The Bartered Bride  a oedi opera ad
The Moldau
o Antonin Dvorak (1841-1904)
Grew up in modest circumstances
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Studied viola and organ
1892- traveled to New York
Symphony No. 9, known as Ne World “pho, Aeria ispired ut
filled with Bohemian melodies
Program Music
o Instrumental music that tells a story
Concert Overture
1812 Overture Pytor Tchaikovsky
Incidental Music
Felix Mendelssohn (1809-1847)
o Born in Berlin
o Moved in 1816 to Paris with family
o Younger sister, Fanny, also became a well-known musician
and composer
o Wrote in classical style but with romantic tendencies
o Composed 250 pieces
o Istruetal i reiig Bah’s usi, espeiall ith his
oert of “t. Matthe’s Passio
Tone Poem/Symphonic Poem
o Richard Strauss (1864-1949)
Grew up in musical atmosphere
Learned violin, piano, theory, harmony
Made living as composer and conductor
Greatest composer of the tone poem
Tone poems include:
Do Jua
o single movement, sonata form,
Maeth
Do Quiote
Also “prah )arathustra
Till Eulespiegel’s Merr Praks
Ei Heldelae
Program Symphony
o Hector Berlioz (1803-1869)
Symphonie Fantastique (1830)
Tells the story of an artist who has fallen into an opium
induced dream
Presented in 5 movements
Reerie Passios
Ball
“ee i the Fields
Marh to the “affold
Withes “aath
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com

Document Summary

Phrasing: varied, less tyranny of the bar line. Realism fixed (all important) melody in upper voices tonal even, downbeat pp to ff tonal i-v emphasis, more limited keys standard. What is romanticism: rejection of formality and objectivity of 18th century and replaced with subjectivity and use of personal expressionism of the 19th century. 4 trends of romantic music: a fascination with extreme emotional states inclusion of nationalism, glorification of nature, a fascination of the macabre and the supernatural. Art o(cid:374)g: (cid:862)lieder(cid:863: solo voice and piano, o(cid:374)gs grouped together, (cid:862)so(cid:374)g (cid:272)(cid:455)(cid:272)le(cid:863, three forms: strophic, through composed (melodically, every section is different), modified strophic (a a b a, franz schubert (1787-1828) Much of compositional output was for close friends and students: personal life as undergone some scrutiny from historians. 5 characters portrayed: horse, narrator, father, son, and elf king. Married clara wieck in 1840, daughter of his teacher friend of johannes brahms. Piano literature: transformation of the piano.