Art thrived under royal and church patronage in flanders. Less directly affected by classical revival, still adhere to gothic tradition. Exceptional skills based on observation in recording the natural world. Flemish painters used oil paint on wood panels; whereas italian painters preferred tempura. Portraiture and print referred to as an important art form. Different art because painters developed incredible skills by developing naturalism paintings, enhanced spirituality. Artists started painting on wood panels which created rich colors, oil was more effective then tempura. A lot of northern paintings the colors are brighter, and more preserved. Ran a busy work shop in which other successful painters emerged. Not signed worked, but compared with other compared signed works by. Triptych- central panel with two hinged wings. When there is a special occasion the wings will be opened and the content is revealed. Announce the good news to mary that she is pregnant with jesus through the holy spirit.